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盐湖股份子公司蓝科锂业碳酸锂产能或成世界之首

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年10月17日 13:45:58
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(能)(达)(到)(4万)(吨)(,届)(时)(蓝)(科)(锂)(业)(碳)(酸)(锂)(产)(能)(将)(位)(居)(世)(界)(之)(首)(。  由)(于)(中)(国)(环)(境)(持)(续)(恶)(化)(,政)(府)(支)(持)(新)(能)(源)(汽)(车)(发)(展)(,这)(便)(直)(接)(造)(成)(了)(锂)(电)(池)(热)(销)(。锂)(是)(最)(热)(门)(的)(有)(色)(金)(属)(,用)(来)(生)(产)(锂)(电)(池)(的)(材)(料)(碳)(酸)(锂)(,价)(格)(在)(约)(3个)(月)(的)(时)(间)(内)(上)(涨)(并)(翻)(倍)(,不)(少)(锂)(行)(业)(上)(市)(公)(司)(也)(在)(近)(期)(涨)(幅)(喜)(人)(。  突)(破)(  据)(了)(解)(,成)(立)(于)(2007年)(的)(蓝)(科)(锂)(业)(走)(了)(不)(少)(弯)(路)(。公)(司)(2010年)(推)(翻)(原)(来)(技)(术)(路)(线)(,2013年)(产)(量)(为)(506吨)(,2014年)(产)(量)(达)(到)(1706吨)(。公)(司)(可)(以)(开)(展)(大)(规)(模)(工)(业)(化)(生)(产)(,是)(因)(为)(已)(突)(破)(“中)(国)(盐)(湖)(高)(镁)(、锂)(比)(分)(离)(”这)(一)(世)(界)(级)(技)(术)(难)(题)(。  据)(接)(近)(蓝)(科)(锂)(业)(人)(士)(介)(绍)(,2007年)(公)(司)(成)(立)(后)(,主)(要)(依)(靠)(北)(京)(核)(工)(业)(五)(所)(和)(一)(个)(自)(然)(人)(带)(来)(的)(技)(术)(专)(利)(,但)(由)(于)(工)(艺)(关)(键)(环)(节)(吸)(附)(剂)(制)(造)(成)(本)(和)(破)(碎)(率)(过)(高)(,提)(锂)(效)(率)(比)(较)(低)(。到)(2010年)(,蓝)(科)(锂)(业)(毅)(然)(决)(定)(寻)(找)(新)(技)(术)(。  2010年)(蓝)(科)(锂)(业)(吸)(收)(了)(两)(个)(新)(股)(东)(,青)(海)(佛)(照)(锂)(能)(源)(开)(发)(有)(限)(公)(司)(、青)(海)(威)(力)(新)(能)(源)(材)(料)(有)(限)(公)(司)(,之)(所)(以)(这)(样)(,正)(是)(因)(为)(这)(两)(家)(公)(司)(有)(新)(技)(术)(。当)(年)(10月)(份)(,蓝)(科)(锂)(业)(设)(备)(持)(续)(运)(转)(168小)(时)(,意)(味)(着)(引)(进)(技)(术)(合)(作)(成)(功)(。  蓝)(科)(锂)(业)(的)(工)(艺)(流)(程)(听)(起)(来)(简)(单)(,盐)(湖)(股)(份)(晒)(制)(钾)(肥)(后)(的)(卤)(水)(对)(盐)(湖)(股)(份)(来)(说)(是)(没)(有)(用)(处)(的)(,卤)(水)(里)(面)(含)(有)(丰)(富)(的)(镁)(和)(锂)(,蓝)(科)(锂)(业)(的)(工)(艺)(流)(程)(是)(建)(吸)(附)(塔)(,里)(面)(填)(充)(吸)(附)(剂)(,废)(卤)(水)(流)(过)(后)(,吸)(附)(剂)(就)(会)(将)(锂)(吸)(附)(起)(来)(,成)(为)(氯)(化)(锂)(,“这)(就)(跟)(毛)(巾)(过)(滤)(水)(一)(样)(,把)(有)(用)(的)(东)(西)(留)(在)(毛)(巾)(上)(,然)(后)(拧)(出)(来)(。”上)(述)(人)(士)(介)(绍)(。  但)(是)(难)(点)(同)(样)(明)(显)(,“察)(尔)(汗)(盐)(湖)(提)(炼)(锂)(没)(有)(可)(以)(借)(鉴)(的)(技)(术)(,所)(以)(摸)(索)(很)(长)(时)(间)(,主)(要)(原)(因)(是)(卤)(水)(中)(镁)(和)(锂)(的)(含)(量)(是)(500:1,镁)(锂)(比)(太)(高)(。”该)(人)(士)(介)(绍)(。  2013年)(,蓝)(科)(锂)(业)(的)(主)(要)(精)(力)(用)(在)(建)(设)(和)(填)(充)(吸)(附)(塔)(,建)(了)(120个)(吸)(附)(塔)(。氯)(化)(锂)(吸)(附)(之)(后)(含)(量)(只)(有)(2~3克)(/升)(,需)(要)(进)(一)(步)(提)(纯)(,2014年)(公)(司)(建)(了)(一)(个)(5万)(多)(平)(方)(米)(面)(积)(的)(盐)(田)(,氯)(化)(锂)(含)(量)(提)(升)(到)(25~30克)(/升)(,之)(后)(碱)(化)(处)(理)(成)(为)(碳)(酸)(锂)(,目)(前)(蓝)(科)(锂)(业)(碳)(酸)(锂)(可)(以)(做)(到)(纯)(度)(为)(99.2%的)(工)(业)(级)(。  由)(于)(生)(产)(规)(模)(越)(来)(越)(大)(,蓝)(科)(锂)(业)(碳)(酸)(锂)(生)(产)(成)(本)(2014年)(有)(较)(大)(幅)(度)(下)(降)(。随)(着)(规)(模)(越)(来)(越)(大)(,生)(产)(成)(本)(还)(会)(进)(一)(步)(降)(低)(。“未)(来)(如)(果)(碳)(酸)(锂)(价)(格)(下)(降)(到)(2万)(元)(/吨)(,公)(司)(也)(依)(然)(能)(盈)(利)(。”上)(述)(人)(士)(介)(绍)(。  蓝)(科)(锂)(业)(产)(能)(达)(到)(1万)(吨)(后)(,碳)(酸)(锂)(生)(产)(成)(本)(约)(为)(国)(内)(其)(它)(厂)(家)(的)(一)(半)(,成)(本)(优)(势)(显)(著)(,对)(行)(业)(将)(产)(生)(革)(命)(性)(冲)(击)(。同)(时)(,公)(司)(地)(处)(盐)(湖)(钾)(肥)(厂)(下)(游)(,水)(、电)(、路)(“三)(通)(”完)(备)(,具)(备)(扩)(产)(条)(件)(。  据)(了)(解)(,中)(国)(目)(前)(的)(主)(要)(碳)(酸)(锂)(厂)(家)(,卤)(水)(、矿)(石)(全)(部)(从)(国)(外)(进)(口)(,碳)(酸)(锂)(生)(产)(成)(本)(在)(2.8万)(元)(~3万)(元)(/吨)(。  盐)(湖)(股)(份)(每)(年)(产)(生)(2.7亿)(方)(废)(卤)(水)(,现)(在)(蓝)(科)(锂)(业)(利)(用)(的)(不)(到)(10%,而)(且)(盐)(湖)(股)(份)(钾)(肥)(产)(量)(还)(在)(提)(升)(,计)(划)(从)(目)(前)(的)(450万)(吨)(提)(高)(到)(千)(万)(吨)(。蓝)(科)(锂)(业)(有)(丰)(富)(资)(源)(可)(用)(,当)(锂)(价)(格)(上)(涨)(,上)(游)(原)(料)(势)(必)(会)(成)(为)(稀)(缺)(资)(源)(。这)(是)(蓝)(科)(锂)(业)(竞)(争)(优)(势)(之)(一)(。  据)(了)(解)(,上)(世)(纪)(80年)(代)(,全)(球)(碳)(酸)(锂)(产)(能)(和)(产)(量)(一)(度)(以)(矿)(石)(提)(锂)(为)(主)(。盐)(湖)(提)(锂)(从)(70年)(代)(开)(始)(研)(发)(,90年)(代)(国)(外)(公)(司)(在)(卤)(水)(提)(锂)(技)(术)(方)(面)(实)(现)(突)(破)(,碳)(酸)(锂)(生)(产)(成)(本)(大)(大)(低)(于)(矿)(石)(提)(锂)(,推)(动)(盐)(湖)(提)(锂)(发)(展)(。目)(前)(,矿)(石)(提)(锂)(产)(量)(份)(额)(被)(大)(大)(压)(缩)(,盐)(湖)(提)(锂)(占)(锂)(产)(品)(总)(产)(量)(的)(85%以)(上)(。  在)(中)(国)(,目)(前)(80%以)(上)(是)(矿)(石)(提)(锂)(。成)(本)(高)(、污)(染)(大)(。中)(国)(虽)(然)(盐)(湖)(锂)(储)(量)(丰)(富)(,但)(含)(锂)(量)(偏)(低)(、镁)(锂)(比)(偏)(高)(,一)(直)(制)(约)(了)(中)(国)(卤)(水)(提)(锂)(的)(发)(展)(。由)(于)(成)(本)(较)(高)(及)(盐)(湖)(卤)(水)(提)(锂)(技)(术)(得)(到)(突)(破)(,目)(前)(世)(界)(上)(仅)(剩)(中)(国)(和)(澳)(大)(利)(亚)(还)(在)(采)(用)(矿)(石)(提)(锂)(。  “目)(前)(公)(司)(客)(户)(既)(有)(专)(业)(锂)(加)(工)(公)(司)(,比)(如)(提)(炼)(成)(金)(属)(锂)(,用)(作)(锂)(电)(池)(原)(料)(,也)(有)(四)(川)(一)(家)(公)(司)(用)(于)(生)(产)(核)(原)(料)(,还)(有)(的)(用)(于)(生)(产)(玻)(璃)(板)(。”上)(述)(人)(士)(介)(绍)(,现)(在)(公)(司)(的)(战)(略)(是)(尽)(量)(先)(扩)(大)(产)(能)(,降)(低)(生)(产)(成)(本)(,再)(考)(虑)(后)(续)(加)(工)(。  盐)(湖)(股)(份)(今)(年)(10月)(份)(公)(布)(定)(增)(方)(案)(,募)(资)(不)(超)(过)(49亿)(元)(。从)(公)(司)(定)(增)(路)(演)(材)(料)(得)(知)(,盐)(湖)(股)(份)(未)(来)(的)(发)(展)(方)(向)(为)(“钾)(、镁)(、锂)(”,锂)(产)(业)(成)(为)(公)(司)(的)(战)(略)(支)(柱)(之)(一)(。  目)(前)(,蓝)(科)(锂)(业)(产)(能)(已)(达)(到)(1万)(吨)(,公)(司)(计)(划)(到)(2017年)(底)(,扩)(产)(3万)(吨)(,总)(产)(能)(达)(到)(4万)(吨)(。这)(不)(仅)(将)(大)(幅)(超)(越)(国)(内)(公)(司)(碳)(酸)(锂)(产)(能)(,也)(将)(领)(先)(国)(际)(公)(司)(的)(产)(能)(。也)(就)(是)(说)(,这)(两)(年)(蓝)(科)(锂)(业)(产)(能)(将)(迅)(速)(爬)(坡)(,翻)(倍)(增)(长)(。  行)(业)(热)(  世)(界)(主)(要)(的)(锂)(产)(业)(公)(司)(有)(美)(国)(的)(FMC公)(司)(、智)(利)(的)(SQM公)(司)(及)(德)(国)(的)(Chemetall公)(司)(,这)(三)(家)(公)(司)(的)(产)(量)(和)(销)(量)(占)(有)(世)(界)(市)(场)(的)(70%份)(额)(。目)(前)(,FMC碳)(酸)(锂)(年)(产)(量)(为)(2万)(吨)(,SQM年)(产)(量)(为)(3万)(吨)(,Chemetall年)(产)(量)(为)(2万)(吨)(。  目)(前)(,中)(国)(主)(要)(碳)(酸)(锂)(生)(产)(厂)(家)(包)(括)(中)(信)(国)(安)(、西)(藏)(矿)(业)(、赣)(锋)(锂)(业)(和)(天)(齐)(锂)(业)(等)(。其)(中)(,赣)(锋)(锂)(业)(主)(要)(从)(事)(锂)(金)(属)(的)(深)(加)(工)(,从)(智)(利)(SQM进)(口)(卤)(水)(。天)(齐)(锂)(业)(全)(部)(从)(澳)(大)(利)(亚)(塔)(力)(森)(公)(司)(进)(口)(锂)(辉)(石)(,以)(碳)(酸)(锂)(的)(生)(产)(为)(主)(,是)(中)(国)(目)(前)(电)(池)(级)(碳)(酸)(锂)(的)(主)(要)(供)(应)(商)(。  在)(北)(方)(雾)(霾)(刺)(激)(下)(,新)(能)(源)(汽)(车)(行)(业)(一)(系)(列)(政)(策)(落)(地)(。截)(至)(今)(年)(10月)(,新)(能)(源)(汽)(车)(销)(量)(为)(17.11万)(辆)(,同)(比)(增)(长)(近)(3倍)(。  新)(能)(源)(汽)(车)(销)(量)(上)(涨)(,电)(池)(正)(极)(的)(原)(材)(料)(碳)(酸)(锂)(的)(价)(格)(今)(年)(一)(路)(走)(高)(。近)(两)(个)(月)(价)(格)(上)(涨)(尤)(为)(明)(显)(,今)(年)(10月)(以)(来)(,碳)(酸)(锂)(价)(格)(已)(上)(涨)(超)(过)(100%。  碳)(酸)(锂)(价)(格)(的)(快)(速)(上)(涨)(,带)(动)(锂)(行)(业)(相)(关)(上)(市)(公)(司)(股)(价)(快)(速)(上)(涨)(。截)(至)(12月)(21日)(,天)(齐)(锂)(业)(股)(价)(、赣)(锋)(锂)(业)(股)(价)(、西)(藏)(矿)(业)(股)(价)(均)(较)(两)(个)(月)(前)(涨)(幅)(超)(过)(100%,盐)(湖)(股)(份)(这)(两)(个)(月)(股)(价)(上)(涨)(32%。  截)(至)(12月)(21日)(收)(盘)(,天)(齐)(锂)(业)(市)(值)(371亿)(元)(,盐)(湖)(股)(份)(市)(值)(为)(378亿)(元)(。赣)(锋)(锂)(业)(市)(值)(为)(227亿)(,较)(天)(齐)(锂)(业)(相)(差)(150亿)(元)(。天)(齐)(锂)(业)(收)(购)(澳)(大)(利)(亚)(锂)(矿)(,成)(为)(估)(值)(上)(涨)(的)(重)(要)(原)(因)(。  近)(年)(来)(我)(国)(锂)(电)(池)(产)(业)(产)(值)(由)(原)(来)(的)(数)(百)(亿)(元)(,发)(展)(到)(超)(过)(千)(亿)(元)(。碳)(酸)(锂)(是)(制)(备)(各)(种)(高)(端)(锂)(产)(品)(的)(重)(要)(源)(头)(,通)(过)(溶)(解)(、除)(杂)(等)(工)(艺)(,由)(碳)(酸)(锂)(可)(制)(得)(氟)(化)(锂)(、医)(用)(碳)(酸)(锂)(以)(及)(电)(池)(级)(碳)(酸)(锂)(,其)(中)(氟)(化)(锂)(用)(于)(陶)(瓷)(、化)(工)(等)(行)(业)(,医)(用)(碳)(酸)(锂)(用)(于)(制)(药)(,电)(池)(级)(碳)(酸)(锂)(用)(于)(生)(产)(锂)(电)(池)(。这)(也)(正)(是)(国)(内)(新)(能)(源)(汽)(车)(发)(展)(所)(需)(要)(的)(电)(池)(原)(料)(。  锂)(原)(料)(热)(涨)(,也)(带)(来)(一)(波)(投)(资)(热)(。青)(海)(省)(正)(在)(打)(造)(千)(亿)(元)(锂)(产)(业)(基)(地)(,基)(地)(包)(括)(了)(锂)(产)(业)(的)(上)(中)(下)(游)(。今)(年)(11月)(份)(,比)(亚)(迪)(与)(青)(海)(省)(签)(署)(合)(作)(协)(议)(,正)(式)(落)(户)(青)(海)(。比)(亚)(迪)(表)(示)(将)(全)(力)(发)(展)(新)(能)(源)(产)(业)(,力)(争)(5年)(内)(达)(到)(10吉)(瓦)(时)(动)(力)(电)(池)(产)(能)(,销)(售)(收)(入)(达)(到)(200亿)(元)(。同)(时)(,还)(将)(带)(动)(青)(海)(省)(锂)(资)(源)(开)(发)(、铝)(业)(、铜)(业)(、镁)(合)(金)(等)(相)(关)(产)(业)(发)(展)(。  作)(者)(:余)(胜)(良)((来)(源)(:证)(券)(时)(报)(网)()
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